Congress has created a Plutocracy of rich persons and corporations: The People must restore our Democratic Republic.

The Campaign’s objectives are for 34+ States to call a Limited Article V Convention to propose the Initiatives Amendment followed by 38+ States to ratify the Initiatives Amendment.

There is a huge difference between a Limited Article V Convention (i.e., limited to a specific Amendment) and a General Convention (i.e., at which any amendments may be introduced, and its consequences are unforeseeable). In either case ¾ (38) of the States must approve the Convention’s outcome. Congress’s Congressional Research Service and many other authorities explain and confirm these issues in detail.

The People value initiatives. They have Direct Constitutional Initiatives in 16 States. Ideally, the Solution can be added to each State’s Constitution giving it permanence and authority. In another 8 States, the Solution can be adopted legislatively. Combined, they represent 63 percent of the States needed to ratify a U.S. Initiatives Amendment.

The website presents drafts of a State Constitutional Initiative, a State Referendum, and State Legislation that will initiate State support of the U.S. Constitutional Amendment.

The People should oblige State Legislators and Candidates to sign the U.S. Initiatives Amendment Pledge or forgo their vote, and make all voters aware of the Candidate’s stance. As necessary, filtering of Candidates at successive elections will eventually prevail for both Amendment Application and Ratification; time and right are on the People’s side.

If substantial financial support is available to fund State Initiatives and press the Pledge, success can come in a few years. But it can take very many years if it is entirely a grass roots effort.

If you believe this Solution is worth examining, start an email cascade circulation of this website address ( with a suggestion to continue the cascade. Similarly, use your social media to pass on the message.

Article V Limited Convention Issues and Comments

Congressional Research Service (CRS) Publications re Constitutional Conventions

CRS has published three lengthy papers for Members and Committees of Congress:

  1. Amending the U.S. Constitution: by Congress or by Constitutional Convention, Thomas M. Durbin, Legislative Attorney, American Law Division, May 10, 1995 (download crs1995durbin)

  2. The Article V Convention for Proposing Constitutional Amendments: Historical Perspectives for Congress by Thomas H. Neale, Specialist in American National Government, October 22, 2012 (download crs2012neale)

  3. The Article V Convention to Propose Constitutional Amendments: Contemporary Issues for Congress Thomas H. Neale Specialist in American National Government, April 11, 2014 (download crs2014neale)

They cover a wide range of issues, but nowhere do they say that Congress can prevent an Article V Convention of the States, that such a Convention is not feasible, or that is not the appropriate vehicle for this Solution. In fact, a Limited Convention Amendment is the preferred approach to this problem. However, there are some notable nuances and traps to avoid:

Each State’s Article V Limited Convention Amendment Application Must Not Have Exactly the Same Wording as Another State

“… an application requesting an up-or-down vote on a specifically worded amendment cannot be considered valid. Such an approach robs the Convention of its deliberative function which is inherent in article V language stating that the Convention’s purpose is to “propose amendments.” If the State legislatures were permitted to propose the exact wording of an amendment and stipulate that the language not be altered, the Convention would be deprived of this function and would become instead part of the ratification process.” (Neale, 2014, p. 28)

Congress Must Propose Ratification of an Amendment Approved by a Limited Convention

Alexander Hamilton explained the Article V Convention process in unmistakable terms: By the fifth article of the plan, the Congress will be obliged … to call a convention for proposing amendments…. The words of this article are peremptory. The Congress “shall call a convention.” Nothing in this particular is left to the discretion of that body.” ()

Each State Government Must Act Independently in Preparing Its Article V Limited Convention Amendment Application

“No State shall, without the Consent of Congress… enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State…” (U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 10, Clause 3). Though it is doubtful that this really applies to an Article V Limited Convention Amendment Application, it is wise to avoid the unessential risk.


Amendment Approval from Start to Ratification