Initiatives v Oligarchy

Our Founders' Warning: “Every government degenerates when trusted to the rulers of the people alone. The people themselves are its only safe depositories.” (Thomas Jefferson)


The purpose of State Legislation supporting a 2nd Method Limited Article V Constitutional Convention for a U.S. Constitutional Initiatives Amendment, will be to provide the People with on-going Direct Initiative power to correct and override their Federal Government when it becomes misrepresentative, ineffective, or corrupt. It authorizes some direct democracy by the People using nationwide initiatives based on the Athenian initiative system.

This U.S. Constitutional Amendment must define the Initiative process in sufficient detail to deny Congress the ability to subvert it. Therefore, this Amendment must be precise, complete, and relatively long.

State Legislation

State Legislation is possible in every State. It may arise as a result ot:

State Legislation in Debate
State Legislation in Debate

References incorporate two documents (Constitution Orders and Assembly Rules) because they are needed to enable the Amendment, but may later be repealed when the Amendment is in full effect.

The Draft anticipates and avoids potential problems in the amendment procedures that Congress has neglected to specify. It uses the US Constitution’s 2nd Method of amending, which does not require Congressional consent.

There are many reasons why this will benefit this State. However, its formal justification is based on the Congressional denial—in law or in principle—of the People’s constitutional rights under the Preamble and Article I Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution.

Limited Article V Convention

State Legislation should create “same subject” Limited Article V Convention Amendment applications to Congress without risk of a Constitutional challenge that any State has violated Article I, Section 10, Clause 3 (powers prohibited of States)


This is currently an incomplete draft document (pending information from more States) subject to changes suggested by the People, for adoption by State Legislatures, and for proposal at a Limited Article V Convention of the States.

The impetus for a Legislation will rest mainly on the State Legislator’s and Voter’s view of Congressional performance and morality. It will also be strongly influenced over time by the actions of other States and by the effectiveness and status of the Initiatives Amendment Pledge.

This preface, article titles and numbers, and explanations are not part of the Legislation.

Index of Draft State Legislation for Applications to Congress

0: State Bill

1: State’s Citizens Denied Constitutional Rights

2. Constitutional Assurances Made to States

3. The People Established This State’s Constitution

4. This State Endorses the Initiatives Amendment

5. Additional Unique Text

0: State Bill


State of [?]

[?]th Legislature

200[?] Session

By Representatives [?]


Explanation of State Bill

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1: State’s Citizens Denied Constitutional Rights

The Federal Government denies the Citizens of this State their constitutional rights in law and/or in principle that:

  1. The federal Government promote the general welfare (i.e., well-being) of the People,
  2. The People shall choose their congressional representatives, and
  3. Should have acted to prevent various other major problems.

Explanation of State’s Citizens Denied Constitutional Rights

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2: Constitutional Assurances Made to States

This State recognizes that the Founding Fathers’ constitutional assurances made to the States are relevant to these Problems:

  1. The persons delegated to the administration of the national government will always be disinclined to yield up any portion of the authority of which they were once possessed.
  2. The People must rely on the disposition of the State legislatures to erect barriers against the encroachments of the national authority.
  3. The U.S. Constitution incorporated Article V’s Second Method of amending the Constitution to accommodate precisely these types of Problems that are otherwise unsolvable within the Constitution.

Explanation of Constitutional Assurances Made to States

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3: The People Established This State’s Constitution

In this State, the Constitution is established by the people. All political power is inherent in the people. Free Governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed. Governments are established for the people’s benefit and to protect and maintain their rights. The people have a right to alter or reform their government. The right of petition for the common good shall not be abridged. The people have the constitutional right of direct democracy by referendum and/or initiative. A power reserved by the people is the initiative.]  Based on these principles, this State desires to consider a Solution that will remedy the Congressional problems imposed upon the people of this State by providing a continuing constitutional means to check and balance the misused powers that have accumulated and would continue to accumulate to the Congress.

Explanation of The People Established This State’s Constitution

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4: This State Endorses the Initiatives Amendment

Therefore, this State endorses ia Solution of the type described in the attached Planned Citizens’ Initiatives Constitutional Amendment with its two referenced documents, and incorporates them all herein by reference. If a sufficient number of other States do likewise, this State may attend meetings of State officials (as a State not Federal function) to coordinate a draft of a State-proposed constitutional Amendment based upon the referenced documents. If two-thirds (and preferably over three-fourths) of the States then concur with a single proposed U.S. Constitutional Amendment, this State may support an application to Congress to call an Article V Convention, within a specified time from the date of the submission hereof to the Congress, to address only this proposed Amendment. This State’s application will avoid known pitfalls of the Second Method of proposing Amendments. Congress is constitutionally obliged to call said Article V Convention. If a Supreme Court challenge tries to delay or subvert this Amendment, this State may oppose the challenge. Before this state attends an Article V Convention, a state or city must have demonstrated that a IQA (i.e., initiative qualifying assembly) is practical. This State may vote to urge that the Article V Convention adopt the Amendment. The Amendment will then return to the States, and this State Legislature may ratify the Amendment or may call a State Convention to ratify it, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress. If and when three-fourths of the State have ratified the Amendment, it will become part of the U.S. Constitution.

Explanation of This State Endorses the Initiatives Amendment

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5: Additional Unique Text

Additional text is needed here that will probably be unique for each State. The issue is being pursued.

Explanation of Additional Unique Text

Sate Constitutions vary greatly. It is unclear how many will be able to use a common format.

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