Campaign for Amendment Proposed by Congress or by Limited Convention
It is recognized that the Initiatives Amendment presented on this website is an early draft that requires substantial expert review and revision before submittal to States, and then limited to a few pioneering States so State feedback can be incorporated. It is possible that other organizations will assist or form a coalition to include CUSDI Inc. since the magnitude of the task is far beyond the capabilities of an ordinary nonprofit corporation.
The Two Article V Options
In all previous State Applications to Congress for an Article V Amendment, whenever the number of State applications has approached or reached two thirds, Congress has itself deemed it necessary, created a Proposed Amendment, and proposed it to the States for ratification. This has ensured that the wording is acceptable to Congress and preempts any need that Congress shall call a Constitutional Convention of the States (limited or not).
First Method Option
In the case of this Initiatives Amendment, it is unlikely that Congress will follow its historic process due to the Amendment’s ability to create limits on Congressional perquisites, constrain Oligarchy, etc. Thus, we must be prepared to use either Article V method, with the second as the more certain to avoid downfall in Congress. We therefore focus on the second method because it offers more certainty and can easily default to the first method if Members of Congress recognizes the extent of its own failure to resist Oligarchy and act honorably to Propose the Imitative Amendment to the States for ratification.
However, the Oligarchy is reported (Common Cause, Moyers, Blade) to be planning a First Method attack to rewrite the Constitution, purportedly for a balanced budget amendment, and to have support from 29 of the 34 States needed to call a Convention. But, a first method option is unlimited in scope, and the convention is free to extend amendments to include whatever they wish.
Second Method Option
The Campaign objectives are for 34+ States to call a Limited Article V Convention to propose the Initiatives Amendment followed by 38+ States to ratify the Initiatives Amendment.
This Campaign assumes total opposition from Oligarchy and Congress. The Constitution requires only one essential action by Congress: Article V states “The Congress…on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments…”. “The words of this article are peremptory. The Congress shall call a convention.” Federalist 85.
There is a huge difference between a Limited Article V Convention (i.e., limited to a specific Amendment) and a General Convention (i.e., at which any amendments may be introduced, and its consequences are unforeseeable). In either case ¾ (38) of the States must approve the Convention’s outcome. Congress’s Congressional Research Service and many other authorities explain and confirm these issues in detail.
As a first campaign step, the People should oblige State Legislators, Congresspersons (for insurance), and all Candidates to sign the U.S. Initiatives Amendment Pledge or forgo their vote, and make all voters aware of the Candidate’s stance. As necessary, filtering of Candidates at successive elections will eventually prevail for both Amendment Application and Ratification; time and right are on the People’s side.
The People value initiatives, They are used in 24 States, many cities, and counties. Direct Constitutional Initiatives are available in 16 States, potentially enabling the Solution to be added to each State’s Constitution, giving it permanence and authority. In another 8 States, Legislative Initiatives are powerful, but can usually be revised by the State Legislature, though a State Initiative in at least one State may apply directly to Congress. Combined, they represent 63 percent of the States needed to ratify a U.S. Initiatives Amendment.
If substantial financial support is available to fund State Initiatives and press the Pledge, success can come in a few years. But it can take very many years if it is entirely a grass roots effort. Draft examples of the Campaign Representatives’ Pledge, State Initiatives, State Referendums, and State Legislation are included in this website.
If you believe this Solution is worth examining, start an email cascade circulation of this website address (cusdi.org) with a suggestion to continue the cascade. Similarly, use your social media to pass on the message. An organization will be needed in each State to interface with their State Legislatures.
Finally, since nothing new is absolutely assured of success, the Initiatives Amendment is automatically and gracefully repealed after 10 and 20 years unless the People reaffirm their desire to keep it.