Initiatives v Oligarchy

Our Founders' Warning: “Every government degenerates when trusted to the rulers of the people alone. The people themselves are its only safe depositories.” (Thomas Jefferson)

2.2: Initiative Power Parallel to Congress

Direct democracy by Initiatives is authorized and granted to the People as an additional and parallel power to those granted to the U.S. Congress, and each House thereof, and to those powers that Congress has assumed, will assume, and could assume. Direct Initiatives shall have the power to do and undo all manner of things that Congress has done, does, and will do.

Direct Initiative power shall include, but is not limited to: legislation, proposing amendments, calling conventions of the States to propose amendments, impeachment, implied powers including all powers under Article 1 Section 8 Clause 18, rules, policies, procedures, precedents and customs, appointments, recalls including lifetime Article III Federal Judges, remuneration, perquisites, and ethics. The sole limitation on the power of Initiatives shall be the exclusion of impeachment trials by the Senate under Article I Section 3 Clause 6.


Explanation of Initiative Power Parallel to Congress

The People must have equal scope and final authority over Congress to enforce actions to correct deficiencies, otherwise Congress can and will evade the People’s wishes. Moreover, no one can anticipate where future problems may lay. Implied power, e.g., using the "basket clause," has required and enabled Congress to assume many things not in the Constitution. Consequently, Initiatives must be able to address any congressional matters without exception, including recall of Federal judges thereby addressing any Congressional stacking.

For clarity, to avoid dispute with Congress, and to minimize need for Supreme Court interpretation, a list shows examples of specific matters Initiatives can address. By placing a sole limitation on the power of Initiative, the Supreme Court will be more likely bound to interpret that other powers are not limited.