Initiatives v Oligarchy

Our Founders' Warning: “Every government degenerates when trusted to the rulers of the people alone. The people themselves are its only safe depositories.” (Thomas Jefferson)

5.1: Guarantee Clause Clarification

Article IV, Section 4 of the United States Constitution (Guarantee Clause) shall be, and hereby is, amended by appending the following sentence: “State referendums, and United States and State initiatives selected or qualified by popular signature petition or an IQA, are consistent with and not a contravention of a republican form of government.”

Explanation of Guarantee Clause Clarification


Though there are good reasons to believe that nationwide Initiatives are permissible under the Constitution's republican form of government, arguments can dispute this view based on the Guarantee Clause. The Supreme Court has indicated that it might regard this as a political issue falling within congressional purview. This would be unacceptable, so this Amendment must resolve the issue.