To keep up with the speed of Plutocratic mischief, we need an enabling Solution that permits several problems that are beyond Congressional capability, to be solved concurrently over just a few years.
A very successful Solution was once discovered. The Citizens themselves could propose solutions to difficult problems. A very large grand jury decided if each proposed solution was worthy of consideration by all Citizens. When one was found, the jury presented it to a meeting of all Citizens, who considered it and finally voted on it.
The ancient Athenian city-state invented this system. They called it democracy. It proved so successful that in 186 years they became the foundation of all Western Civilizations. New England town halls adapted it, but no one believed that all the people could communicate in a larger community.
Our Democratic Republic is essential for governance of the United States. But we have the wisdom and knowledge of all our Citizens, including all in government, to make a few profoundly difficult decisions beyond the capability of our Government. The People have the right and duty to alter our Constitution; we should and can adapt the Athenian model to manage these profound decisions.
Athenians called a proposed solution “probouleumata”; we call it a Direct Initiative. Athenians called their grand jury the “Council of 500”; we call it the “Initiatives Qualifying Assembly” or (IQA). Public debate we call free speech and freedom of the press. Voting by all the people we call Federal Elections. The People voting on Direct Initiatives emulate congresspersons voting the People’s will.
The Solution ensures that no Government entity is involved or can interfere. The system is incorruptible. The IQA is large enough to manage itself. Operations are one week each month; costs are modest. Funding is an entitlement of the People. The IQA is an exact portrait (a mirror) of the People, assuring relevant initiatives and saving voters’ time. Plutocracy cannot bribe because the Grand Jury is strongly protected from tampering; penalties penetrate corporate shields and include mandatory jail. Long-term issues can be addressed because no one is running for election.
Conceptual drafts of the Solution’s Initiatives Amendment, the Government’s Constitutional Orders, and the IQA’s Governing Rules are included in this website. They are lengthy because we must anticipate and prevent Congressional interference at all stages.
This is what the People will see of the Initiatives process:
To control a flood of Initiatives, an initial fee of $10,000 will probably decline over time. For encouragement and reward, when Voters approve their Initiative, Authors share $1 million and Supporters share $50,000. A Citizen may propose one Initiative every two years .
After registering a valid Internet ID (or by publication), U.S. Citizens' and qualified U.S. organizations will improve Initiatives by providing feedback on proposed Initiatives, participating in opinion polls, etc.
The IQA will be independent from government, controlled by the People through Initiatives, meet monthly, protected to a higher degree than a Federal Grand Jury, extremely safe from tampering or media exploitation.
The final selection will be from Initiatives that have passed all the safeguards and will not overburden the Voters. At each general election, about ten to fifteen qualified Initiatives will go on the ballot as Candidate Direct Initiatives.
Indirect Initiatives are appropriate when the Authors believe that Congress will support them, thereby saving the nationwide Electorate much time and effort.
If Congress or the President decides not to take appropriate action, the Initiatives can still go on the ballot as Direct Initiatives.
This is how the IQA is controlled by the People:
|The United States Constitution |
The U.S. Constitution established by the People is the source of the IQA's authority.
This constitutional Amendment specifies that the IQA shall be responsible to the People. It grants the IQA broad powers so that additional Amendments will not be needed each time new circumstances are encountered. However, an initial set of rules is adopted by the constitutional Amendment creating limits on these broad powers. This permits the IQA to have functioning Rules when it is first convened, but without access to more authority than it initially needs.
|Part 1 Rules||IQA Rules that can only be changed by Direct Initiative passed by the Electorate |
The Direct Initiative Rules can only be changed by Direct Initiative passed by the Electorate.
It is here that the People exercise their continuing high-level control over the IQA. For example, the People must approve any changes to: the IQA budget, its size, Members' maximum term of service, method of selecting Members, Members' remuneration, the maximum period of time that Congress may not overrule legislation passed by Direct Initiative, and the maximum number of Initiatives on the ballot.
|Part 2 Rules||IQA Rules that can only be changed by a two-thirds supermajority of the IQA|
The Supermajority Rules help the IQA fine-tune its operations for maximum efficiency and effectiveness and define rules that should not be changed easily. For example, a supermajority must approve any changes to: content and format of Candidate Initiatives, discipline, the conditions for excusing those selected from serving as Members. Sometimes a Supermajority Rule places further constraint on a Direct Initiative Rule, for example, IQA Membership size.
|Part 3 Rules||IQA Rules that can be changed by a simple majority of the IQA |
These Majority Rules take care of the day-to-day operations of the IQA. Sometimes a Majority Rule places further constraint on a Supermajority Rule.